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Conjugation of Italian verb ‘mangiare’ – Commonly Used Words

If there is an Italian verb that needs no introduction, it is mangiare (to eat). Let’s be honest: this is maybe the verb that you are going to use the most once in Italy!

Mangiare is a regular, first conjugation verb that means to eat. As a regular -are verb, it has the endings -o, -i, -a, -iamo, -ate, and -ano in present tense indicativo, and the endings -vo, -vi, -va, -vamo, -vate, -vano in the imperfect tense.

Like most other first conjugation (-are) verbs, the past participle of mangiare ends in -ato, making it mangiato. It uses the auxiliary verb avere in compound forms.

In English, you can either have your breakfast (or lunch or dinner) or eat it. In Italian, you can’t. Don’t worry, this doesn’t mean you are not allowed to enjoy that pepperoni pizza for lunch, but that you must make sure to use the right verb when you tell your friends about it!

When expressing the act of having breakfast, lunch, dinner or any other meal, in Italian, you need to use the verb fare (to do). This is a proper collocation, that cannot be changed in any context. However, in some cases, you can use the verb mangiare, followed by the preposition a. Let’s take a look at the following examples:

  • E’ tardi. Hai gia’ fatto colazione? (It’s late. Have you had your breakfast already?)
  • Cosa hai mangiato a pranzo? (What did you have for lunch?)
  • Sto facendo una torta. Potremmo mangiarla a (I’m making a cake. We can have it for dinner.)

Nevertheless, you don’t need to complicate your life. Italian is the language of food, and it shouldn’t be surprising that there are verbs specifically tailored to meals! These are pranzare (to have lunch) and cenare (to have dinner). They both are regular –are verbs, so it would be easy to use and conjugate them.

Although you may hear some young people using verbs such as colazionare (to have breakfast) and merendare (to have a snack), these are absolutely not accepted as a part of the Italian vocabulary. In other words, unless you wish to have fun and use some slang, you must always use fare colazione (to have breakfast) and fare merenda (to have a snack).

  • Potete fare merenda, ma dopo dovete fare i compiti. (You can have a snack, but you must do your homework afterwards.)
  • Siamo in ritardo, ceneremo piu’ tardi. (We’re late. We’ll have dinner later.)
  • Pranziamo prima di andare in palestra, ti va? (Shall we have lunch before we go to the gym?)

Below are the conjugations for the verb in tables, with example sentences and translations underneath.

  • Vieni qui, mangia un gelato con noi. (Come here, have an ice cream with us.)
  • Da bambino non mangiavo le verdure. (When I was a child, I didn’t use to eat vegetables.)

Andiamo a mangiare al tuo ristorante preferito? (Shall we dine at your favourite restaurant?)

 

Indicativo

PRESENTE
io mangio
tu mangi
lui/lei mangia
noi mangiamo
voi mangiate
loro mangiano

 

Mangio di tutto eccetto le cipolle. – I eat everything but onions.

Mangio tre volte al giorno. – I eat three times a day.

Perché mangi quelle schifezze? – Why do you eat that junk food?

Sophia mangia la sua torta di compleanno. – Sophia eats her birthday cake.

Lei mangia solo in ristoranti di lusso. – She only eats in fancy restaurants.

Non mangiamo mai alla mensa. – We never eat in the canteen.

Noi mangiamo con la televisione spenta. – We eat with the television turned off.

Perché mangiate in disparte? – Why are you eating by yourselves?

Loro mangiano molta verdura. – They eat a lot of vegetables.

 

 

IMPERFETTO
io mangiavo
tu mangiavi
lui/lei mangiava
noi mangiavamo
voi mangiavate
loro mangiavano

 

Mangiavo ogni sera la pizza d’asporto. – I used to eat takeaway pizza every night.

Lui mangiava solo prodotti vegani. – He was eating only vegan products.

 

PASSATO REMOTO
io mangiai
tu mangiasti
lui/lei mangiò
noi mangiammo
voi mangiaste
loro mangiarono

 

 

 

FUTURO SEMPLICE
io mangerò
tu mangerai
lui/lei mangerà
noi mangeremo
voi mangerete
loro mangeranno

 

 

PASSATO PROSSIMO
io ho mangiato
tu hai mangiato
lui/lei ha mangiato
noi abbiamo mangiato
voi avete mangiato
loro hanno mangiato

 

Il cane ha mangiato tutti gli avanzi. – The dog ate all the leftovers.

I nostri ospiti hanno mangiato tutto. – Our guests have eaten everything.

 

TRAPASSATO PROSSIMO
io avevo mangiato
tu avevi mangiato
lui/lei aveva mangiato
noi avevamo mangiato
voi avevate mangiato
loro avevano mangiato

 

 

TRAPASSATO REMOTO
io ebbi mangiato
tu avesti mangiato
lui/lei ebbe mangiato
noi avemmo mangiato
voi aveste mangiato
loro ebbero mangiato

 

 

FUTURO ANTERIORE
io avrò mangiato
tu avrai mangiato
lui/lei avrà mangiato
noi avremo mangiato
voi avrete mangiato
loro avranno mangiato

 

 

Congiuntivo

 

PRESENTE
che io mangi
che tu mangi
che lui/lei mangi
che noi mangiamo
che voi mangiate
che loro mangino

 

Spero che lui mangi di meno prima dell’intervento. – I hope he eats less before the operation.

 

IMPERFETTO
che io mangiassi
che tu mangiassi
che lui/lei mangiasse
che noi mangiassimo
che voi mangiaste
che loro mangiassero

 

 

PASSATO
che io abbia mangiato
che tu abbia mangiato
che lui/lei abbia mangiato
che noi abbiamo mangiato
che voi abbiate mangiato
che loro abbiano mangiato

 

 

TRAPASSATO
che io avessi mangiato
che tu avessi mangiato
che lui/lei avesse mangiato
che noi avessimo mangiato
che voi aveste mangiato
che loro avessero mangiato

 

 

Condizionale

 

PRESENTE
io mangerei
tu mangeresti
lui/lei mangerebbe
noi mangeremmo
voi mangereste
loro mangerebbero

 

 

PASSATO
io avrei mangiato
tu avresti mangiato
lui/lei avrebbe mangiato
noi avremmo mangiato
voi avreste mangiato
loro avrebbero mangiato

 

Imperativo

 

PRESENTE
mangia
mangi
mangiamo
mangiate
mangino

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