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Conjugation of Italian verb ‘guardare’ – Commonly Used Words

If you wish to master Italian, you should look at all the information, trick and study materials that you can find. Learning the conjugations of the most commonly used Italian verbs is undoubtedly one of these. You could start by studying the verb guardare, that means to look at?

Guardare is a regular, first conjugation verb that means to look (at something), to watch.

Regular -are-verbs are characterised by having the endings -o, -i, -a, -iamo, -ate, and -ano in present tense indicativo, and the endings -vo, -vi, -va, -vamo, -vate, -vano in the imperfect tense.

Like most other first conjugation (-are) verbs, the past participle of guardare ends in -ato, making it guardato. It uses the auxiliary verb avere in compound forms. It is a transitive verb, although in most cases it is followed by the preposition a in formal contexts.

  • Dovresti guardare a questi problemi dalla nostra prospettiva (You should look at these problems from our perspective)
  • È importante guardare a quello che sta succedendo (It is essential to look at what it is happening)

Be aware of this verb…literally! When used in its reflexive form and followed by the preposition da, the verb guardare changes its meaning. It thus translates into “be aware”.

  • Guardati da quelle persone, non sembrano sincere (Beware of those people, they don’t seem to be honest)

In Italian, two verbs that mean to look at something: guardare and vedere. In the spoken language, they are usually used as synonyms. However, they are not always interchangeable. When you use the verb guardare, you are implicitly saying that you are involved in this action. In other words, you are willingly looking at someone or something. Differently, vedere is a verb that expresses a minor grade of attention. Let’s have a look at the following examples:

  • Guarda la luna: è bellissima! (Look at the moon: it’s wonderful!) (You are asking someone else to voluntarily look at the moon, to pay attention to it)
  • Ho visto i bambini mangiare la torta (I saw the kids eating the cake) (You witnessed this action, but it may not have bin intentional)

Below are the conjugations for the verb in tables, with example sentences and translations underneath.

  • Guarda attentamente cosa stanno facendo I bambini (Watch closely what the children are doing)
  • Stavamo guardando la TV quando il telefono squillò (We were watching TV when the phone rang)
  • La ragazza guardava il tramonto e piangeva (The girl was watching the sunset while crying)
  • Guarderemo la TV e mangeremo della pizza. Vi unite a noi? (We’re going to watch TV and eat pizza. Do you want to join us?)

 

Indicativo

PRESENTE
io guardo
tu guardi
lui/lei guarda
noi guardiamo
voi guardate
loro guardano

 

Ti guardo negli occhi. – I look you in the eyes.

Guarda un po’ chi si vede! – Look who’s there!

Guardiamo chi resiste più a lungo. – Let’s see who can resist the longest.

Voi guardate la partita stasera? – Are you watching the game tonight?

I miei genitori guardano sempre le telenovelas. – My parents always watch telenovelas.

 

 

IMPERFETTO
io guardavo
tu guardavi
lui/lei guardava
noi guardavamo
voi guardavate
loro guardavano

 

Guardavo mio figlio giocare. – I was watching my son play.

Mi guardavi e sorridevi. – You were looking at me and you were smiling.

Mia figlia guardava la tv tutto il giorno. – My daughter was watching tv all day.

Guardavamo cartoni animati su internet. – We were watching cartoons on the Internet.

Guardavate Piero mentre gridava. – You were looking at Piero while he was screaming.

Mi guardavano sempre dall’alto in basso. – They were always looking down on me.

 

PASSATO REMOTO
io guardai
tu guardasti
lui/lei guardò
noi guardammo
voi guardaste
loro guardarono

 

Guardai la nave mentre si allontanava. – I watched the ship sail away.

 

 

FUTURO SEMPLICE
io guarderò
tu guarderai
lui/lei guarderà
noi guarderemo
voi guarderete
loro guarderanno

 

Domani guarderò la sfilata. – I will watch the runway show tomorrow.

 

PASSATO PROSSIMO
io ho guardato
tu hai guardato
lui/lei ha guardato
noi abbiamo guardato
voi avete guardato
loro hanno guardato

 

Ho guardato l’indirizzo sull’elenco telefonico. – I looked for the adress on the phone book.

Hai guardato il film che ti avevo consigliato? – Did you watch the movie I recommended?

Mia sorella piccola ha guardato il pagliaccio fare le bolle. – My little sister watched the clown making bubbles.

Abbiamo guardato le vecchie foto tutta la sera. – We looked at the old pictures the whole evening.

Avete guardato la nuova serie con Tom Hardy? – Did you watch the new series with Tom Hardy?

I genitori hanno controllato quello che i bambini avevano guardato su internet. – The parents checked what the kids had watched on the internet.

 

TRAPASSATO PROSSIMO
io avevo guardato
tu avevi guardato
lui/lei aveva guardato
noi avevamo guardato
voi avevate guardato
loro avevano guardato

 

Avevo guardato l’orario dei treni. – I had checked the train timetable.

 

TRAPASSATO REMOTO
io ebbi guardato
tu avesti guardato
lui/lei ebbe guardato
noi avemmo guardato
voi aveste guardato
loro ebbero guardato

 

Appena ebbi guardato il Padrino cominciai il Padrino II. – After watching The Godfather I started watching The Godfather II.

 

FUTURO ANTERIORE
io avrò guardato
tu avrai guardato
lui/lei avrà guardato
noi avremo guardato
voi avrete guardato
loro avranno guardato

 

Quando avrai guardato quello spettacolo, fammi sapere cosa ne pensi. – When you have seen that show, let me know what you think about it.

 

Congiuntivo

 

PRESENTE
che io guardi
che tu guardi
che lui/lei guardi
che noi guardiamo
che voi guardiate
che loro guardino

 

Non mi interessa che mi guardino male. – I don’t care if they give me bad looks.

 

IMPERFETTO
che io guardassi
che tu guardassi
che lui/lei guardasse
che noi guardassimo
che voi guardaste
che loro guardassero

 

 

PASSATO
che io abbia guardato
che tu abbia guardato
che lui/lei abbia guardato
che noi abbiamo guardato
che voi abbiate guardato
che loro abbiano guardato

 

Non è un caso che abbia guardato il trailer più volte. – It’s no coincidence that I watched the trailer many times.

 

TRAPASSATO
che io avessi guardato
che tu avessi guardato
che lui/lei avesse guardato
che noi avessimo guardato
che voi aveste guardato
che loro avessero guardato

 

Se mi avessi guardato attentamente ti saresti accorto che ero triste. – If you had looked at me carefully you would have noticed I was sad.

 

Condizionale

 

PRESENTE
io guarderei
tu guarderesti
lui/lei guarderebbe
noi guarderemmo
voi guardereste
loro guarderebbero

 

 

PASSATO
io avrei guardato
tu avresti guardato
lui/lei avrebbe guardato
noi avremmo guardato
voi avreste guardato
loro avrebbero guardato

 

Imperativo

 

PRESENTE
guarda
guardi
guardiamo
guardate
guardino

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